Public Figure Profiles

Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq HI, GCSJ, ร.ม.ภ, Ghazi (12 August 1924 – 17 August 1988) was a Pakistani army general who served as the 2nd Chief of Army Staff and became the sixth President of Pakistan after declaring martial law in 1977. Belonging to a Punjabi Arain family, he served as the head of state from 1978 until his death in a plane crash in 1988. He remains the country's longest-serving head of state for 11 years and Chief of Army Staff for over 12 years.

Educated at St. Stephen's College, Delhi and the Indian Military Academy at Dehradun, Zia saw action in World War II as a British Indian Army officer in Burma and Malaya, before opting for Pakistan in 1947 and fighting as a tank commander in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. In 1970, he led a military training mission to Jordan, proving instrumental to defeating the Black September insurgency against King Hussein. In recognition, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto appointed Zia Chief of Army Staff in 1976 and awarded him the Hilal-i-Imtiaz medal, but Zia executed Bhutto after imposing Martial Law.Following civil disorder, Zia deposed Bhutto in a military coup and declared martial law on 5 July 1977. Bhutto was controversially tried by the Supreme Court and executed less than two years later for allegedly authorizing the murder of Nawab Muhammad Ahmed Khan Kasuri, a political opponent. Assuming the presidency in 1978, Zia played a major role in the Soviet–Afghan War. Backed by the United States and Saudi Arabia, Zia systematically coordinated the Afghan mujahideen against the Soviet occupation throughout the 1980s. This culminated in the Soviet Union's withdrawal in 1989, but also led to the proliferation of millions of refugees, with heroin and weaponry into Pakistan's frontier province.

Internationally Zia bolstered ties with China and the United States, and emphasized Pakistan's role in the Islamic world, while relations with India worsened amid the Siachen conflict and accusations that Pakistan was aiding the Khalistan movement. Domestically, Zia passed broad-ranging legislation as part of Pakistan's Islamization, curbed civil liberties, and heightened press censorship. He also escalated Pakistan's atomic bomb project, and instituted industrialization and deregulation, helping Pakistan's economy become the fastest-growing in South Asia, overseeing the highest GDP growth in the country's history. After lifting martial law and holding non-partisan elections in 1985, Zia appointed Muhammad Khan Junejo Prime Minister but accumulated more presidential powers via the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution. After Junejo signed the Geneva Accords in 1988 against Zia's wishes, and called for an inquiry into the Ojhri Camp disaster, Zia dismissed Junejo's government and announced fresh elections in November 1988. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was killed along with several of his top military officials and two American diplomats in a mysterious plane crash near Bahawalpur on 17 August 1988.

To this day, Zia remains a polarizing figure in Pakistan's history, credited with preventing wider Soviet incursions into the region as well as economic prosperity, but decried for weakening democratic institutions and passing laws encouraging religious intolerance. He is also cited for promoting the early political career of Nawaz Sharif, who would be thrice elected Prime Minister.Zia is credited with stopping an expected Soviet invasion of Pakistan. Former Saudi intelligence chief Prince Turki Al-Faisal, who worked with Zia during the 1980s against the Soviets, described Zia in the following words: "He was a very steady and smart person with a geo-strategic mind, particularly after the invasion by Soviets. He was very dedicated in preventing the Soviet invasion of Pakistan."

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Some of their strengths

Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq has many admirable traits.

Based on spiritual traditions from around the world, they are someone who can be described as Extroverted, Intelligent, Generous, Confident, Passionate, Smart, and Hardworking.

Bold and Confident

According to Mysticism’s Astrology tradition, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq is someone who is a bold, confident, energetic, and optimistic person, who is able to combine personal warmth and charisma with intelligence. A person who is ambitious and motivated.

Adventurous and Free

Based on Daoism’s Ba-Zi or ‘Chinese Zodiac’ tradition, people who know Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq well know them as someone who can be talented, wayward and free, like a big river or the ocean.

Courteous and Easygoing

According to Hinduism’s Jyotisha or ‘Vedic Astrology’ tradition, many would also describe Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq as someone who is polite, modest, and diplomatic.

A person who tends to be socially popular, who loves intellectual or creative activities, who has a talent for communicating with and understanding the needs of others, and who seems to have a knack for getting recognized for their efforts.

Emotionally Intelligent and Intuitive

Based on the Mayan Tzolk’in or ‘Mayan Astrology’ tradition, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq is someone who tends to have strong emotional intelligence and intuition, and who can be a catalyst of change for others.

They are also someone who is patient, assertive, and who is a natural leader that likes to help others in need.

Creative and Leadership-oriented

According to Judaism’s Kabbalah tradition, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq tends to be someone who is a natural leader, with determination, motivational powers, and who takes obligations seriously. Who has charisma, a sense of humor, and who tends to attract attention.

Some of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's challenges

While Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq has many strengths, nobody is perfect. They also have some challenging traits they need to manage.

For example, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq can be Arrogant, Stubborn, Materialistic, Status-seeking, Suspicious, Complicated, and Brusque.

Arrogant and Status-seeking

One of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's key challenges is that they are someone who can come across as arrogant and status-seeking.

Indecisive and Materialistic

Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq is someone who can be indecisive, indulgent, and materialistic, who can have difficulty focusing on a single career or profession, have difficulty following orders or respecting authority, and who can suffer from "analysis paralysis".

Domineering and Stubborn

Finally, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq also can be too rebellious, not respond to criticism well, and be too emotional and extreme about things.

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