Public Figure Profiles

King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III

Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III, Albanian: Viktor Emanueli III, Amharic: ቪቶርዮ አማኑኤል, romanized: Vītoriyo Āmanu’ēli; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) reigned as King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. He also reigned as Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–1941) and King of the Albanians (1939–1943). During his reign of nearly 46 years, which began after the assassination of his father Umberto I, the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two world wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism and its regime.

During the First World War, Victor Emmanuel III accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Paolo Boselli and named Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (the premier of victory) in his place. Despite being on the winning side of the First World War, Italy did not get all the territories which had been promised to it in the 1915 Treaty of London; the Treaty of Versailles, ending the war, failed to give Italy its demands for Fiume and Dalmatia. This mutilated victory led to the resignation of Orlando. Domestically, the loss of these territories proved to be politically disastrous for Orlando's several short-serving successors. As a result, even the well-respected Giovanni Giolitti, serving an unprecedented fifth term as prime minister, could not unify the country in the face of the growing Fascist movement. Strengthened by the economic downturn facing the country, the Fascists led the March on Rome, and the king appointed Benito Mussolini as prime minister.

Victor Emmanuel remained silent on the domestic political abuses of the Fascist regime, though he accepted the additional crowns of the Emperor of Ethiopia and the King of Albania as a result of Mussolini's colonial exploits. When Mussolini attempted to bring Italy into World War II in 1939, Victor Emmanuel overrode him, and continued to resist Italian entry into the war until June, 1940, when the King relented and granted Mussolini sweeping powers to enter and conduct the war. The war proved disastrous for Italy, as a number of offensive operations in Europe and North Africa ended in defeat. Amidst the Allied invasion of Italy in 1943, he deposed Mussolini, and signed an armistice with the Allies in September, 1943. In the face of the coming German reprisal, he and the government fled to Brindisi while the Germans established a puppet state in Northern Italy. He reluctantly switched sides and declared war on Germany in October, though he battled constantly with Allied command and, under pressure from the allies, he transferred most of his powers to his son Umberto in June 1944, effectively ending his involvement in the war and in the government of Italy.

Victor Emmanuel officially abdicated his throne in 1946 in favour of his son, who became king Umberto II, hoping to strengthen support for the monarchy against an ultimately successful referendum to abolish it. He then went into exile to Alexandria, Egypt, where he died and was buried the following year in St. Catherine's Cathedral of Alexandria. In 2017, his remains were returned to rest in Italy, following an agreement between Italian President Sergio Mattarella and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.

Victor Emmanuel was also called by some Italians Sciaboletta ("little saber"), due to his height of 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in), and il Re soldato (the Soldier King), for having led his country during both world wars.

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Some of their strengths

King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III has many admirable traits.

Based on spiritual traditions from around the world, they are someone who can be described as Intense, Passionate, Intuitive, Innovative, Optimistic, Energetic, and Extroverted.

Intense and Passionate

According to Mysticism’s Astrology tradition, King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III is someone who is an intense, passionate, and intuitive person who is fiercely independent, authentic and direct when engaging with others. A person who seems to identify with family, heritage and ancestry.

Adventurous and Free

Based on Daoism’s Ba-Zi or ‘Chinese Zodiac’ tradition, people who know King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III well know them as someone who can be talented, wayward and free, like a big river or the ocean.

Imaginative and Sentimental

According to Hinduism’s Jyotisha or ‘Vedic Astrology’ tradition, many would also describe King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III as someone who is imaginative, sentimental, and in touch with emotions.

A person who has extremely good memory and analytical skills, likes to make sure that everyone gets along, enjoys all kinds of situations and people, has a talent for travel and languages, and who makes lifelong friends.

Justice-seeking and Insightful

Based on the Mayan Tzolk’in or ‘Mayan Astrology’ tradition, King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III is someone who tends to be intolerant of unfairness in life, and who has an uncanny ability to reveal the truth in any situation.

They are also someone who is reflective, mysterious, and purposeful, who enjoys quiet and solo work, and who thrives in positions where there is no need to report to someone else.

Mysterious and Methodical

According to Judaism’s Kabbalah tradition, King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III tends to be someone who can come across as mysterious and intense, who can be a complex thinker who is methodical and intuitive, and who can overcome challenges that most others would not be able to.

Some of King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III's challenges

While King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III has many strengths, nobody is perfect. They also have some challenging traits they need to manage.

For example, King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III can be Complicated, Brusque, Rebellious, Emotionally Distant, Arrogant, Status-seeking, and Irritable.

Complicated and Brusque

One of King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III's key challenges is that they are someone who can be complicated and gruff with others.

King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III must also exercise caution as they can have a hard time reconciling wants and needs, and can be excessive and unrealistic.

Irritable and Moody

King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III is someone who can be irritable and moody, have a tendency to experience self-doubt, be too secretive, can take too many risks, and who can have an extreme approach to managing personal finances.

Sensitive and Aggressive

Finally, King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III also can be too "touchy-feely", have a hard time expressing feelings, be too aggressive and headstrong, and be too unforgiving of others' mistakes.

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