Public Figure Profiles

Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich

Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich (4 August 1815, Sulz am Neckar – 25 September 1877, Leipzig) was a German physician, pioneer psychiatrist, and medical professor. He is known for his measurement of mean normal human body temperature of 37 °C (98.6 °F), now known more accurately to be about 36.8 °C (98.2 °F).He attended grammar school in Stuttgart and at the age of eighteen he began his medical studies at University of Tübingen, where he completed his final exams in 1837. In 1838 he worked as assistant at St Catharine's Hospital in Stuttgart, and wrote his MD thesis. Two years later he wrote his MD habilitation on internal medicine at University of Tübingen.

In 1846, he was appointed Professor (ordentlicher Professor) and head of the general hospital at Tübingen. He moved to Leipzig University as Professor and Medical Director of the university hospital four years later. There he introduced clinical pedagogy, combined with a rigorous methodology of diagnosis, and empirical observation of patients. He introduced temperature charts into hospitals, holding that fever is not a disease, but a symptom. The thermometer he used was reportedly a foot long, and required 20 minutes to register the temperature.

He was known for his lectures on psychiatry and on the "pathology and therapy of illnesses of the nervous system." He described an extremely rare eponymous syndrome that consists of retroperitoneal bleeding from the kidney, which tracks into the surrounding tissues. This may be due to benign or malignant disease. In 1871, he was appointed to the Department of Medicine's organisational commission for the construction and design of psychiatric hospitals.

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Some of their strengths

Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich has many admirable traits.

Based on spiritual traditions from around the world, they are someone who can be described as Energetic, Optimistic, Extroverted, Passionate, Intelligent, Strong, and Perseverent.

Bold and Confident

According to Mysticism’s Astrology tradition, Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich is someone who is a bold, confident, energetic, and optimistic person, who is able to combine personal warmth and charisma with intelligence. A person who seems to identify with family, heritage and ancestry.

Adaptable and Versatile

Based on Daoism’s Ba-Zi or ‘Chinese Zodiac’ tradition, people who know Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich well know them as someone who can be adaptable, flexible, and polite, like a flower or a sapling.

Active and Ambitious

According to Hinduism’s Jyotisha or ‘Vedic Astrology’ tradition, many would also describe Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich as someone who is active, ambitious, bold, and courageous.

A person who is driven and organized, is wise with money, who knows how to tell a good story, likes physical activity, and who loves learning.

Social and Intuitive

Based on the Mayan Tzolk’in or ‘Mayan Astrology’ tradition, Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich is someone who values forming deep friendships and relationships, and who has strong intuition and reasoning skills .

They are also someone who is patient, assertive, and who is a natural leader that likes to help others in need.

Creative and Leadership-oriented

According to Judaism’s Kabbalah tradition, Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich tends to be someone who is a natural leader, with determination, motivational powers, and who takes obligations seriously. Who has charisma, a sense of humor, and who tends to attract attention.

Some of Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich's challenges

While Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich has many strengths, nobody is perfect. They also have some challenging traits they need to manage.

For example, Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich can be Impulsive, Arrogant, Status-seeking, Stubborn, Idle, Aggressive, and Temperamental.

Arrogant and Status-seeking

One of Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich's key challenges is that they are someone who can come across as arrogant and status-seeking.

Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich must also exercise caution as they can have difficulty dealing with responsibility, authority, or criticism.

Impulsive and Aggressive

Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich is someone who can be impulsive, aggressive, and confrontational, can have difficulty listening to others, be moody and high strung, have conflict with authority figures, be too judgmental of others, and who can be overindulgent and extravagant.

Domineering and Stubborn

Finally, Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich also can be too rebellious, not respond to criticism well, and be too emotional and extreme about things.

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