Public Figure Profiles

John Brown

John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was an American abolitionist leader. First reaching national prominence for his radical abolitionism and fighting in Bleeding Kansas, he was eventually captured and executed for a failed incitement of a slave rebellion at Harpers Ferry preceding the American Civil War.

A man of strong religious convictions, Brown believed he was "an instrument of God",: 248  raised up to strike the death blow to American slavery, a "sacred obligation".: 189  Brown was the leading exponent of violence in the American abolitionist movement:: 426  he believed that violence was necessary to end American slavery, since decades of peaceful efforts had failed. Brown said repeatedly that in working to free the enslaved he was following the Golden Rule, as well as the U.S. Declaration of Independence, which states that "all men are created equal".: 721  He also stated often that in his view, these two principles "meant the same thing".

Brown first gained national attention when he led anti-slavery volunteers and his own sons during the Bleeding Kansas crisis of the late 1850s, a state-level civil war over whether Kansas would enter the Union as a slave state or a free state. He was dissatisfied with abolitionist pacifism, saying of pacifists, "These men are all talk. What we need is action – action!". In May 1856, Brown and his sons killed five supporters of slavery in the Pottawatomie massacre, a response to the sacking of Lawrence by pro-slavery forces. Brown then commanded anti-slavery forces at the Battle of Black Jack and the Battle of Osawatomie.

In October 1859, Brown led a raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (today West Virginia), intending to start a slave liberation movement that would spread south; he had prepared a Provisional Constitution for the revised, slavery-free United States he hoped to bring about. He seized the armory, but seven people were killed, and ten or more were injured. Brown intended to arm slaves with weapons from the armory, but only a few slaves joined his revolt. Those of Brown's men who had not fled were killed or captured by local militia and U.S. Marines, the latter led by Robert E. Lee. Brown was tried for treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia, the murder of five men, and inciting a slave insurrection. He was found guilty of all charges and was hanged on December 2, 1859, the first person executed for treason in the history of the United States.: 179 The Harpers Ferry raid and Brown's trial, both covered extensively in national newspapers, escalated tensions that led, a year later, to the South's long-threatened secession and the American Civil War. Southerners feared that others would soon follow in Brown's footsteps, encouraging and arming slave rebellions. He was a hero and icon in the North. Union soldiers marched to the new song "John Brown's Body", that portrayed him as a heroic martyr. Brown has been variously described as a heroic martyr and visionary, and as a madman and terrorist.

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Some of their strengths

John Brown has many admirable traits.

Based on spiritual traditions from around the world, they are someone who can be described as Imaginative, Honest, Intense, Passionate, Intuitive, Independent, and Energetic.

Strong and Diligent

According to Mysticism’s Astrology tradition, John Brown is someone who is a strong, diligent, and trustworthy person who approaches life with honesty and perseverance, but who is also physical, sensual, and artistic. A person who looks for jobs that tend to reflect their identity.

Active and Precise

Based on Daoism’s Ba-Zi or ‘Chinese Zodiac’ tradition, people who know John Brown well know them as someone who can be tough, active, and sharp, like a sword.

Truthful and Kind

According to Hinduism’s Jyotisha or ‘Vedic Astrology’ tradition, many would also describe John Brown as someone who is honest, compassionate, imaginative, and instinctual.

A person who enjoys new challlenges, is a magnet for attracting other creative types, good at identifying opportunities, and who is good at forming loyal, lifelong friendships.

Communicative and Intelligent

Based on the Mayan Tzolk’in or ‘Mayan Astrology’ tradition, John Brown is someone who tends to have a desire to communicate with others, either verbally, through written form, or otherwise, and to have a knack for understanding art, beauty, and aesthetics.

They are also someone who is balanced, organized, and in-charge, and who loves traveling, working hard, and figuring out the patterns of things.

Patient and Compassionate

According to Judaism’s Kabbalah tradition, John Brown tends to be someone who approaches life with grace and compassion, and who has a powerful and commanding personality. Who can be analytical, patient, and deliberate, avoiding risks and seeking out stability instead.

Some of John Brown's challenges

While John Brown has many strengths, nobody is perfect. They also have some challenging traits they need to manage.

For example, John Brown can be Stubborn, Unrealistic, Indecisive, Idle, Complicated, Brusque, and Short-tempered.

Stubborn and Idle

One of John Brown's key challenges is that they are someone who can be seen as stubborn and, at times, lazy.

John Brown must also exercise caution as they can have a hard time reconciling wants and needs.

Unrealistic and Indecisive

John Brown is someone who can be unrealistic, indecisive, and lacking in confidence, who can be impulsive when it comes to making important decisions, have difficulty collaborating with others, can be argumentative and not willling to accept criticism, and who can be disappointed by the high expectations they place on others.

Materialistic and Aggressive

Finally, John Brown also can be materialistic, emotional, aggressive, stubborn, inconsistent, and be prone to big temper outbursts.

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