Public Figure Profiles

Gardner Ackley

Hugh Gardner Ackley (June 30, 1915 – February 12, 1998) was an American economist and diplomat.

Ackley served as a member of the Council of Economic Advisers under President John F. Kennedy, and as the Chairman under President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1964 to 1968. He also served as Ambassador to Italy from 1968 to 1969. Ackley was a member of the University of Michigan faculty for 43 years and served as chair of its Economics department. Upon returning to the University following his ambassadorship, he was named the Henry Carter Adams Professor of Political Economy. In 1982 he served as President of the American Economic Association.Ackley was born in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1915, and was raised in Kalamazoo, Michigan where he attended public schools and graduated from Western Michigan University in 1936. He earned a Ph.D from the University of Michigan in 1940, and joined the faculty that year. He served in the U.S. Office of Price Administration and the Office of Strategic Services in Washington, D.C., from 1941 to 1946 and as assistant director of the U.S. Office of Price Stabilization from 1951 to 1952.Ackley believed that government had a definite role in fine tuning the economy, using both fiscal and monetary intervention. He warned President Johnson in 1966 that a tax increase was needed to finance the escalation of the war in Vietnam and the increased social welfare spending that Johnson was undertaking. Johnson did not ask for a tax increase, and economists, including Paul Samuelson, believed this was the cause of the inflation of the 1970s.Ackley was the author of the popular graduate-level textbook Macroeconomic Theory, which was translated into several languages and remained the standard advanced text during the 1960s and early 1970s. He was awarded a fellowship from the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1968 and another fellowship from the Ford Foundation.

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Some of their strengths

Gardner Ackley has many admirable traits.

Based on spiritual traditions from around the world, they are someone who can be described as Intuitive, Loyal, Caring, Passionate, Curious, Exacting, and Adventurous.

Intuitive and Imaginative

According to Mysticism’s Astrology tradition, Gardner Ackley is someone who is a highly intuitive, creative and imaginative person who is very loyal, caring and compassionate to others. A person who defines themself by their friends and what groups they belong to.

Adventurous and Free

Based on Daoism’s Ba-Zi or ‘Chinese Zodiac’ tradition, people who know Gardner Ackley well know them as someone who can be talented, wayward and free, like a big river or the ocean.

Methodical and Exacting

According to Hinduism’s Jyotisha or ‘Vedic Astrology’ tradition, many would also describe Gardner Ackley as someone who is careful, methodical, and a perfectionist.

A person who forms successful business partnerships, who appreciates the variety the world has to offer, who takes a frugal approach to life and tends to be a workaholic, and who engages in things that let them express their opinion.

Wise and Deep

Based on the Mayan Tzolk’in or ‘Mayan Astrology’ tradition, Gardner Ackley is someone who tends to have an internal innate wisdom, and who people tend to see as an "old soul".

They are also someone who is reflective, mysterious, and purposeful, who enjoys quiet and solo work, and who thrives in positions where there is no need to report to someone else.

Traditional and Patient

According to Judaism’s Kabbalah tradition, Gardner Ackley tends to be someone who is a patient person that is very emotional, has a very sharp memory, has an ability to understand people, and who tends to be traditional and frugal.

Some of Gardner Ackley's challenges

While Gardner Ackley has many strengths, nobody is perfect. They also have some challenging traits they need to manage.

For example, Gardner Ackley can be Sensitive, Emotional, Standoffish, Rebellious, Emotionally Distant, Difficult, and Perfectionist.

Emotional and Standoffish

One of Gardner Ackley's key challenges is that they are someone who can be emotional and standoffish.

Gardner Ackley must also exercise caution as they can be excessive and unrealistic, and can have difficulty dealing with responsibility, authority, or criticism.

Sensitive and Critical

Gardner Ackley is someone who can be insecure, critical, and pessimistic, who can have difficulty relaxing, can be possessive and jealous, and who can have difficulty listening to others' opinions and perspectives and make hasty decisions.

Sensitive and Money-oriented

Finally, Gardner Ackley also can have mood swings, be overly sensititive, and be a bit rigid and materialistic.

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