Public Figure Profiles

Heinrich Brüning

Heinrich Aloysius Maria Elisabeth Brüning (listen ) (26 November 1885 – 30 March 1970) was a German Centre Party politician and academic, who served as the chancellor of Germany during the Weimar Republic from 1930 to 1932.

A political scientist and Christian social activist with a PhD on the implications of nationalizing the British railway system, he entered politics in the 1920s and was elected to the Reichstag in 1924. Shortly after Brüning took office as Chancellor on 30 March 1930 he was confronted by an economic crisis caused by the Great Depression. Brüning responded with a tightening of credit and a rollback of all wage and salary increases. These policies increased unemployment and made Brüning highly unpopular, losing him support in the Reichstag. As a result, Brüning established a so-called presidential government, basing his government's authority on presidential emergency decrees invoking President Paul von Hindenburg's constitutional powers. Brüning announced his cabinet's resignation on 30 May 1932, after his policies of distributing land to unemployed workers had led him into conflict with the President and the Prussian land owners, and the President therefore had refused to sign further decrees.

Fearing arrest after the Nazi regime's ascent to power, Brüning fled Germany in 1934. After staying in Switzerland and the United Kingdom, he eventually settled in the United States. He lived in difficult economic conditions for his first years as a refugee from Nazism, but became a visiting professor at Harvard University in 1937 and was the Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Government at Harvard from 1939 to 1952. He warned the American public about Hitler's plans for war, and later about Soviet aggression and plans for expansion. He briefly returned to Germany in 1951 to take up a post as professor of political science at the University of Cologne, but returned to the United States in 1955 and lived out his days in retirement in Vermont. He became a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1938.

Brüning remains a controversial figure in Germany's history, as historians debate whether he was the 'last bulwark of the Weimar Republic' or the 'Republic's undertaker', or both. Scholars are divided over how much room for manoeuvre he had during the depression and period of great political instability. While he intended to protect the Republic's government, his policies, notably his use of emergency powers, also contributed to the gradual demise of the Weimar Republic during his chancellorship.

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Some of their strengths

Heinrich Brüning has many admirable traits.

Based on spiritual traditions from around the world, they are someone who can be described as Intelligent, Energetic, Imaginative, Generous, Honest, Confident, and Optimistic.

Adventurous and Independent

According to Mysticism’s Astrology tradition, Heinrich Brüning is someone who is an adventurous, independent, and energetic person, who is insightful, imaginative, generous, and honest. A person who is known for being a good partner.

Soulful and Intuitive

Based on Daoism’s Ba-Zi or ‘Chinese Zodiac’ tradition, people who know Heinrich Brüning well know them as someone who can be graceful, romantic, and reserved, like gentle rain.

Productive and Perseverent

According to Hinduism’s Jyotisha or ‘Vedic Astrology’ tradition, many would also describe Heinrich Brüning as someone who is productive, persevering, deliberate, and direct.

A person who is creative, has good luck with work and money, good listening skills, good relationships with people at work, is a good teacher or counselor, and who is good at organizing groups, teams, or causes.

Dynamic and Imaginative

Based on the Mayan Tzolk’in or ‘Mayan Astrology’ tradition, Heinrich Brüning is someone who can bring a purifying element to situations, and who is a risk-taker with vision and imagination.

They are also someone who is active, giving, optimistic, and cheerful, and who possesses a charisma that attracts friends and admirers.

Optimistic and Quick-witted

According to Judaism’s Kabbalah tradition, Heinrich Brüning tends to be someone who is optimistic and spontaneous, and who has a clear and analytical mind. Who can be witty, with a happy-go-lucky- nature that makes others cheerful, and who possesses an adventurous zest for life.

Some of Heinrich Brüning's challenges

While Heinrich Brüning has many strengths, nobody is perfect. They also have some challenging traits they need to manage.

For example, Heinrich Brüning can be Hypocritical, Impulsive, Careless, Arrogant, Status-seeking, Self-centered, and Possessive.

Impulsive and Careless

One of Heinrich Brüning's key challenges is that they are someone who can be impulsive and careless.

Heinrich Brüning must also exercise caution as they can be short-tempered and aggressive.

Possessive and Stubborn

Heinrich Brüning is someone who can be possessive, jealous, inflexible, and stubborn, can have a habit of being a frivolous spender, and who can feel insecure or cynical in romantic relationships and have difficulty forming productive personal and professional partnerships.

Irritable and Callous

Finally, Heinrich Brüning also can be short-tempered, childish, insensitive, and careless at times.

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